High Performance Storage System

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Incremental Scalability
Based on storage needs and deployment schedules, HPSS scales incrementally by adding computer, network and storage resources. A single HPSS namespace can scale from petabytes of data to exabytes of data, from millions of files to billions of files, and from a few file-creates per second to thousands of file-creates per second.
About HPSS   :   HPSS Collaboration

The HPSS Collaboration between IBM Houston Global Services and what are now five DOE National Laboratories (Lawrence Berkeley, Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Sandia) began in the fall of 1992. The goal was to produce a highly scalable high performance storage system. The High Performance Storage System (HPSS) needed to provide scalable hierarchical storage management (HSM), archive, and file system services. No product meeting the requirements existed. When HPSS design and implementation began scientific computing power and storage capabilities at a site, such as a DOE national laboratory, was measured in a few tens of gigaflops, data archived in HSMs in a few tens of terabytes at most, data throughput rates to an HSM in a few megabytes/sec, and daily throughput with the HSM in a few gigabytes/day. At that time, the DOE national laboratory and IBM HPSS design team recognized that we were headed for a data storage explosion driven by computing power rising to teraflops/petaflops requiring data stored in HSMs to rise to petabytes and beyond, data transfer rates with the HSM to rise to gigabytes/sec and higher, and daily throughput with an HSM in tens of terabytes/day. Therefore, we set out to design and deploy a system that would scale by a factor of 1,000 or more and evolve from the base above toward these expected targets and beyond.

Because of the highly scalable HPSS architecture, these targets have been successfully met. We now recognize that computing power will rise to exaflops before 2022 with a corresponding rise in the need to scale storage in its various dimensions by another factor of 1,000. Further, other major application domains, such as real-time data collection, also require such extreme-scale storage. We believe the HPSS architecture and basic implementation, built around a scalable relational database management system (IBM’s Db2) make it well suited to this challenge.

For a distributed collaboration such as the HPSS Collaboration that is producing a major software system to be successful, careful thought went into its basic organization. Its basic governing document is a Collaboration Agreement spelling out intellectual property rights of the development partners and their management and organization. IBM has the responsibilities for commercialization and deployment, outside the development partners. There is an Executive Committee co-chaired by IBM and DOE lab representatives that sets major development and other policies. This group meets several times a year, primarily by teleconference. HPSS development is overseen by a Technical Committee coordinated by an IBM project manager. This group is generally organized around the major architectural modules of the system. It meets weekly, and more often as needed, by teleconference and once or twice a year in person. Development of the system follows industry standard software engineering practices. Following these software engineering practices has been a major factor in its success in producing a stable maintainable product.

The HPSS collaboration is based on the premise that no single organization has the experience and resources to meet all the challenges represented by the growing imbalance between computing power and data collection capabilities, and storage system I/O, capacity, and functionality. Over 20 organizations including industry, Department of Energy (DOE), other federal laboratories, universities, National Science Foundation (NSF) supercomputer centers and French Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA) have contributed to various aspects of this effort. Today, the primary HPSS development team consists of:

  • IBM Global Business Services (Houston, TX)
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (Berkeley, CA)
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore, CA)
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, NM)
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Oak Ridge, TN)
  • Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque, NM)

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Come meet with us!
HPSS @ STS 2021
The 3nd Annual Storage Technology Showcase is in the planning stage, but HPSS expects to support the event in March of 2021. Check out their web site - Learn More. We expect an update later in 2020.

HPSS @ ISC21
The 2021 international conference for high performance computing, networking, and storage will be in Frankfurt, Germany from June 27th through July 1st, 2021 - Learn More. Come visit the HPSS folks at the IBM booth and contact us if you would like to schedule a face-to-face meeting with us in Frankfurt.

2021 HUF
The 2021 HPSS User Forum (HUF) is being hosted by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Karlsruhe, Germany from September 27th through September 30th, 2021. This is a great place to meet HPSS users, collaboration developers and testers (from IBM and DOE Labs), support folks, and leadership. More details coming soon.

HPSS @ SC21 - VIRTUAL
The 2021 international conference for high performance computing, networking, storage and analysis will be in St. Louis, MO from November 15th through 18th, 2021 - Learn More. As we do each year, we are scheduling and meeting with customers via IBM Single Client Briefings. Please contact your local IBM client executive or contact us to schedule a HPSS Single Client Briefing to meet with the IBM business and technical leaders of HPSS.

What's New?
Atos Press Release - Atos boosts Météo-France’s data storage capacity to over 1 exabyte in 2025 to improve numerical modeling and climate predictions. Want to read more?

HUF 2020 - The HPSS User Forum was hosted virtually at no cost in October 2020.

HPSS 9.1 Release - HPSS 9.1 was released on September 24th, 2020 and introduces a few new features.

HPSS 8.3 Release - HPSS 8.3 was released on March 31st, 2020 and introduces one new feature and many minor changes.

HPSS 8.2 Release - HPSS 8.2 was released on December 6th, 2019 and introduces a few new features.

New Globus DSI - Version 2.9 of the HPSS DSI is now available from the GitHub release page. It provides the capability to resume interrupted Globus transfers.

Lots Of Data - In November 2019 IBM/HPSS delivered a system to a customer in Canada and demonstrated a sustained tape ingest rate of 11,574 MB/sec (1 PB/day peak tape ingest) while simultaneously demonstrating a sustained tape recall rate of 8,832 MB/sec (791 TB/day peak tape recall). HPSS pushed four 13-frame IBM TS4500 tape libraries (scheduled to house over 500 PB of tape media) to 2,168 mounts/hour.

HPSS 8.1 Release - HPSS 8.1 was released on October 1st, 2019 and introduces a few new features.

July 2019 - Argonne Team Breaks Record for Globus Data Movement from the Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to HPSS tape.

Capacity Leader - ECMWF (European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts) has a single HPSS namespace with over 556 PB spanning over 405 million files.

File-Count Leader - LLNL (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) has a single HPSS namespace with over 63 PB spanning 1.525 billion files.

Explosive data growth - HPSS Collaboration leadership from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) helped author the "NERSC Storage 2020" report, and NERSC trusts HPSS to meet their immediate and long term data storage challenges.

Older News - Want to read more?
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